No news on extenders yet.
Double the pain: Idaho business manager steals payroll taxes, but IRS still wants them. An implement dealer in Idaho hired a manager to run day-to-day operations. He learned the hard way that while you can delegate your payroll tax function, you can’t escape it.
The taxpayer, a Mr. Shore, hired Mr. Lewis to run Bear River Equipment, Inc. (BRE), a McCormick Tractors dealership. Mr. Lewis had managed the dealership before Mr. Shore acquired it, so it seemed a sensible hiring decision.
Things started to go wrong quickly. Mr. Lewis failed to remit payroll taxes in his first year running the dealership. Mr. Shore kept up with the business by phone and made quarterly visits, according to a U.S. District Court judge, and he also reviewed financial results. This process enabled him to note unpaid taxes in 2005, the first year of operations, and he had Mr. Lewis get them caught up. As owner, Mr. Shore had checkbook authority, but he let Mr. Lewis take care of it for him.
The judge explains how things went very wrong (my emphasis):
In August 2007, Shore received notice from an Internal Revenue Service Agent that there were some serious issues with BRE’s employment taxes for 2006 and 2007. This notice was the first time Shore became aware that BRE’s 2006 and 2007 payroll taxes had not been paid. Shore subsequently learned that Lewis had been embezzling from BRE, failing to pay creditors or pay BRE’s taxes, and stealing BRE’s assets. Upon discovering Lewis’ fraud, Shore fired Lewis and took over management of BRE.
Not a good hire, in hindsight. It proved fatal to the business:
Shore ultimately decided to close BRE because he believed he could not pay all of the liabilities and contribute sufficient working capital to keep the company going. Before closing the company, however, Shore allowed more than $120,000 from BRE’s checking accounts to be paid to unsecured creditors other than the United States.
Via Wikimedia Commons
As it turns out, that was a false move. The tax man gets really, really upset when payroll taxes aren’t remitted to the IRS. The business was incorporated, which protects owners from most liabilities incurred inside the corporation. The tax law, though, allows the IRS to collect payroll taxes from “responsible persons,” regardless of the existence of the corporation, if there is a “willful” failure to remit. The court held that Mr. Shore was a “responsible person” even though he didn’t run the business day-to-day:
…despite delegating his authority to Lewis and permitting him to run BRE’s daily affairs, Shore remained a “responsible person” because he had effective control of the corporation and the effective power to direct the corporation’s business choices, including the withholding and payment of trust fund taxes.
It’s not enough to be “responsible.” The tax law requires “willful” nonpayment of employment taxes to assess them against a responsible person. The $120,000 payment was a bad fact, according to the court:
Here it is undisputed that Shore learned of BRE’s unpaid tax liability in August 2007. It is also undisputed that BRE paid more than $120,000 to unsecured creditors after Shore learned of BRE’s tax liability. Shores’ failure to remedy the payroll tax deficiencies upon learning of their existence in August 2007, while subsequently allowing corporate payments to be made elsewhere, including to unsecured creditors, constitutes “willful” conduct under § 6672.
The Moral? There are a number of lessons to be drawn here. One is basic accounting controls. It appears that the manager had far too much control over the accounting function and bank accounts, enabling him to loot the company, and the payroll tax account, before the owner caught on.
Even with poor accounting controls, though, the owner could have detected the non-payment of payroll taxes. These are supposed to be remitted under the Electronic Federal Tax Payment System (EFTPS). Users of EFTPS can log into their payroll tax account and monitor their payments. Had Mr. Lewis done so, he might have detected the failure to make payments that ultimately ballooned into a million-dollar payroll tax deficiency.
Cite: Shore v. U.S., DC-ID, No 1:13-cv-00220
Gas Tax Fever: Branstad Weighs Proposed Gas Tax (CBS2Iowa.com): “On Monday Governor Branstad said he would keep an open mind on raising the tax if a bipartisan plan came to his desk and he’s hopeful lawmakers can come to some agreement this coming year.”
Mason City Sundog Morning. It’s cold here today.
Peter Reilly, Chief Counsel Advice Provides Timely Warning About 1099 Filing Requirements. “A recently released memo from the IRS Chief Counsel – CCA 201447025 – drives home for me the point that
Robert D. Flach has your Tuesday Buzz, with a typically rich set of tax links, including one to Prof. Maule’s thoughts on being nice to siblings.
Jason Dinesen, 5 Things About EAs: We’ve Been Around Since 1884
Paul Neiffer, Are We Getting Section 179 Fatigue? “After purchasing a lot of equipment over the last 4 years to take advantage of Section 179, I am not sure how much capital is still available to purchase even more equipment to get the Section 179 deduction.”
Kay Bell, Attention older IRA owners, your RMD is due by Dec. 31
Michael Schuyler, The Government’s Tax-Transfer System Is Extremely Progressive (Tax Policy Blog):
In November, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) released the latest annual edition of its report on the distribution of household income and federal taxes, with data for 2011. The CBO study confirms that the federal tax system is progressive. It further shows that government transfers to households are also progressive.
It appears that way:
Chart from Tax Policy Blog
Jeremy Scott, The New GOP Congress and the Congressional Budget Office (Tax Analysts Blog). “If Republicans accept the premise that shaking up congressional staff would make it look like they are rigging the process in favor of their proposals, that undermines the logic behind their priorities to begin with.”
Isabel Sawhill, The Lee-Rubio Family-Friendly Tax Is a Disappointment (TaxVox)
Martin Sullivan, Rand Paul Puts Chokehold on Cigarette Taxes — He’s Got a Point (Tax Analysts Blog).:
But there are still 42 million smokers in the United States. Nicotine is extremely addictive. These folks should elicit our compassion, not our contempt. And if we are going to fine them for their sins, the revenues should not inure to our benefit.
State governments are loathe to give up their nicotine fix.
TaxProf, The IRS Scandal, Day 579
Rashia says “thanks, Commissioner!”
Rashia gets time off. The self-proclaimed “Queen of IRS Tax Fraud” will return from exile a little sooner, thanks to an appeals court decision yesterday. From Tampa Bay Online:
A federal appeals court has thrown out Wilson’s two sentences, ruling that senior U.S. District Judge James S. Moody Jr. made procedural errors that may have increased her total prison term by more than 3 1/2 years.
Her convictions stand and Moody retains discretion. But he must recalculate the formula he used to determine punishment and he must resentence Wilson, now 29, at a future hearing.
Ms. Wilson is unlikely to be coming home right away. She is serving a 21-year sentence on charges related to identity theft refund fraud. She got in trouble after taunting the IRS on her Facebook, which also included photos of her posing with wads of stolen cash. The article explains the background for the sentencing reduction:
The original sentencing was especially complex because Wilson was indicted twice in 2012. In one case, she pleaded guilty to possessing guns, illegal for a felon. In another, she admitted to netting more than $3 million through aggravated identity theft and wire fraud.
When using social media, sometimes it pays to be discreet.