Baucus aims at LIFO, depreciation. Senator Max Baucus has issued a tax reform proposal that slows depreciation and eliminates LIFO. While it is a long way from becoming law — and certainly won’t become law in its current form — it will help shape the next round of tax reform. Some key points:
-Depreciation for non-real estate assets would be computed not asset by assets, but in “pools,” with a set percentage of the amount of assets in each pool deducted during the year. If the pool goes negative with dispositions, income is recognized. There would be four “pools” with varying recovery percentages.
- Buildings would be depreciated under current rules, but over 43 years.
- The annual Section 179 limit would be $1 million, but with a phaseout starting at $2 million of assets placed in service.
- Research expenses would be capitalized and amortized over five years.
- LIFO would be repealed.
- Advertising costs would only be half deductible currently with the rest amortized over 5 years.
- Farmers would lose their exemption from accrual-basis accounting.
I think this goes the wrong way, adding complexity and lengthening lives. I would prefer more immediate expensing. LIFO repeal, and maybe the farm rule, are the only proposals that seem to actually simplify anything. The rest seem like high-toned revenue grabs. If the revenue all goes to reduce rates, that wouldn’t be so bad, but I doubt that’s the idea.
Victor Fleischer, Tax Proposal for an Economy No Longer Rooted in Manufacturing:
The Baucus proposal aims to make the tax system match economic reality, removing the tax distortions from the equation. It would group tangible assets into just four different pools, with a fixed percentage of cost recovery applied to the tax basis of each pool each year, ranging from 38 percent for short-lived assets to 5 percent for certain long-lived assets.
It would be hard to make the case for giving the priority to tangible assets, and yet that is precisely what current law does by allowing rapid depreciation. At a minimum, the tax depreciation system should strive for neutrality and not discourage investment in intangibles and human capital.
That’s true. Yet it’s hard to see how the Baucus proposal to require R&D costs to be amortized over five years, or the proposal to require 20-year amortization of intangibles instead of the current 15 years, encourages investments in intangibles and human capital.
Via Lynnley Browning’s Twitter feed.
The TaxProf has a roundup of the plan: Senate Finance Committee Releases Depreciation and Accounting Tax Reform Plan
William Perez, Draft Tax Reform Proposals from the Senate Finance Committee
Paul Neiffer, MAJOR Farm Tax Law Changes Proposed by Senate
Leslie Book, Senator Baucus Releases Proposals to Reform Administration of Tax Laws (Procedurally Taxing.
St. Louis loses another preparer. From a Department of Justice Press Release:
A federal district judge in St. Louis has permanently barred defendants Joseph Burns, Joseph Thomas and International Tax Service Inc. from preparing federal tax returns for others, the Justice Department announced today…
According to the complaint, the defendants repeatedly fabricated expenses and deductions on customers’ returns and falsely claimed head of household status for customers who were married in order to illegally understate their customers’ federal tax liabilities and to obtain fraudulent tax refunds. The complaint also alleged that the defendants falsely claimed that some of their customers earned income from businesses that the defendants fabricated or increased the amount of business income their customers earned in order to illegally claim the maximum earned income tax credit on customers’ returns.
The IRS has certainly given their clients’ returns a good going over. That’s the risk of going with a preparer whose results are too good to be true.
Scott Hodge, Andrew Lundeen, America Has Become a Nation of Dual-Income Working Couples (Tax Policy Blog)
Though its a brave man who tells the stay-at-home she’s not “working” after a day spent between taking care of an elderly parent and little kids.
Jana Luttenegger, Electronic Signatures, What’s Next? (Davis Brown Tax Law Blog). E-filing of wills?
Phil Hodgen, U.S. brokerage accounts after you expatriate
Russ Fox, It’s All Greek to Me. Don’t gamble in Greece, seems to be the point.
Howard Gleckman, How Washington May Turn June Into Fiscal February (TaxVox). Yes they’ll be running out of our money again soon.
Christopher Bergin, The End of the Era of Multinationals (Tax Analysts Blog)
Tax Justice Blog, Scott Walker’s Tax Record Will Be on the Wisconsin Ballot Next Year. Shockingly, TJB doesn’t like Walker.
Tony Nitti, International Tax Reform For Dummies
Visit Robert D. Flach for fresh Friday Buzz!
News from the Profession: New Audit Associate Looking For Prank Ideas, Possibly a New Job in Near Future (Going Concern)
Oh, one more thing: Magnus!